NASA/NOAA Climatologist Says Global Water Resources Disaster Can Be Averted

Retired NOAA/NASA Climatologist L. DeWayne Cecil, PhD, Discusses Global Water Politics on Sharon Kleyne Hour Radio Show

If management of Earth’s water resources continues on its present path, the results could be disastrous reports retired NOAA and NASA Climatologist L. DeWayne Cecil, PhD, The terrible effects of diminishing water resources and global drought, according to Dr, Cecil, are already seen in Yemen and Somalia. California, Nevada and Arizona may not be far behind, creating a grim world of chronic, widespread water scarcity. Fortunately, Dr. Cecil also believes that there may be reasons for optimism.

Dr. Cecil made his remarks on the Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water radio show, where he is a frequent guest. Dr. Cecil is currently employed by Global Science and Technology of Ashville, North Carolina

Sharon Kleyne, host of the globally syndicated Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water show, is Founder of Bio-Logic Aqua Research, a fresh water, atmospheric and health research and product development center. Natures Tears EyeMist is the Research Center’s global signature product for dry eyes. The show is broadcast on the VoiceAmerica Variety Channel, Health and Wellness Channel, and Apple iTunes.

The main causes of water shortages, Dr. Cecil believes, tend to be more political and economic than environmental. Political causes can include greedy or impoverished governments unwilling or unable to spend money on water infrastructure; unscrupulous leaders who use water as a weapon of control; and water shortages as justification to attack other countries. Poor water infrastructure is the most frequent economic cause. In the United States, water shortages may result from governments not willing to work together and from shortsightedness in planning for the future of water resources.

Dr. Cecil and Sharon Kleyne both emphasize that without water, life on Earth could not survive. Dr. Cecil noted that the resolution of human conflict regarding water is made more difficult because chronic physical dehydration from drinking too little water can cause an increase in stress, aggression and anger. Abundant water and good nutrition has the opposite effect.

Dr. Cecil cited that Salt Lake Valley in Utah as an area struggling with water resource allocation. Projections are that by 2035, the snow pack in the adjacent Wasatch Mountains will decrease by one-third while the valley population will double. Meanwhile, according to Cecil, annual drought in the United States, which used to be confined to the arid West (California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico and Texas), now includes Colorado, Georgia and Alabama.

Under the George W. Bush administration, Dr. Cecil noted, an attempt was made to discover ways to counteract the global water crisis through engineering – building more dams and pipelines. Barak Obama places a greater emphasis on conservation. Under his approach, if using a beneficial resource, such as a river, is discovered to be harmful to the environment, rather than seek ways to mitigate the harm, they would simply make it illegal to use the resource.

Such an approach is of little benefit to people in Somalia, for example, which lacks basic water, food, shelter, clothing, medical care and sanitation.

The places to start in solving the global water resources problem, according to Dr. Cecil and Sharon Kleyne, are: (1) Population control. (2) The use of technology to increase the amount of available fresh water on the globe. (3) Making fresh water a basic human right available to everyone at no cost.

The reason for Dr Cecil’s is that a few places in the world with chronic water shortages have solved their problem. The densely populated island nation of Singapore is the best example. Despite recent extend drought, Singapore has not cut back on its water allotments.

Dr. Cecil and Sharon Kleyne believe that if properly and innovatively managed, with people working together, there should be enough water for everyone. Despite the current drought in many parts of the globe, according to Cecil and Kleyne, humans on Earth n Earth have the ability and knowledge right now to avoid a global water disaster.

The question is, will the people in charge act in time or will they bicker and drag their heels until it’s too late?

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Water – the Great Mystery

Kurt Wuthrich, PhD (La Jolla, CA and Zurich, Switzerland). Scripps Research Institute, co-winner of 2002 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. “The Amazing Role of Water in Chemistry”

Dr. Wuthrich, co-winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, received his PhD from UC Berkeley in 1965 and taught in Switzerland from 1969 to 2000. Since then, he has been dividing his time between Switzerland and the Scripps Institute in LaJolla, CA. He is an avid fisherman and a devotee of Zane Gray.

His Nobel prize winning research involves a method of observing the behavior of large organic molecules (which he calls the “molecules of life”), called “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance” or NMR spectroscopy. Basically, the molecules are suspended in water and the system enables researchers to study the structure of certain types of large molecules, and changes they undergo in response to stimuli.

The technique is similar to MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans and one thing you can determine is if the molecules are dehydrated and whether or not they are acting normally. Behavior in water is important because the brain is 80% water and most other human tissues are 65% to 70% water. MRI is expensive but far less so than exploratory surgery.

In response to Sharon’s questions about dehydration, Dr. Wuthrich noted that there are several tests that can determine if a child is dehydrated. He acknowledged that pediatric dehydration is a major global health problem.

Dr. Wuthrich is extremely interested in water, especially as a resident of Southern California, where water is scarce and highly politicized. Water (and oxygen) are the most crucial elements for life and without water, there is no life.

Sharon asked if drinking water needed to be free, rather than combined with coffee, soda or juice. Dr. Wuthrich said he thought not, since those kinds of drinks are 99% water and even pure water instantly mixes with your stomach contents. However, coffee can be dehydrating and juices and soda many contain unhealthy amounts of sugar.

Dr. Wuthrich had some interesting commentary on his Nobel Prize. He was the lead researcher in a team of 20 scientists working on the project. It took 15 years to develop NMI and 18 more years to win the Prize. Meanwhile, he wrote a book on the benefits on NMI. The system has yielded many advances in the study of mad cow disease and chronic wasting disease in deer.

There was some discussion about global warming. Dr. Wuthrich noted that as a child, he used to frequently go skiing in Interlochen, Switzerland. These days, many Interlochen ski areas are at elevations that no longer receive much snow.

Fresh Water Can Be Priced to Assure Availability while Remaining Affordable Reports Water Advocate Sharon Kleyne

Bio-Logic Aqua Research Chairman Says Water Companies Can Upgrade Facilities and Still Keep Water Affordable During Global Fresh Water Crisis

The price of home delivered fresh water is the biggest bargain available to consumers in the United States, according to water advocate and Bio-Logic Aqua Research Chairman Sharon Kleyne, However, Kleyne adds, fresh clean water is becoming increasingly expensive to locate, impound transport and process. During the global fresh water crisis, with the US experiencing increasing drought, a growing population, widespread water wasting and lagging technology, fresh water cannot continue to be sold at a loss. The inevitable price increase, says Kleyne, must provide for those who can’t pay but whom, like everyone else, require water to stay alive.

Kleyne will discuss the issue of fresh water pricing and fairness on her Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water Radio show of October, 27, 2014.

Kleyne hosts the syndicated Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water radio show, heard on VoiceAmerica and Apple iTunes. The show is sponsored by Bio-Logic Aqua Research, a global research and technology center specializing in fresh water, the atmosphere and dehydration. Nature’s Tears® EyeMist® is the Research Center’s signature product for dry eyes. Kleyne is Bio-Logic Aqua’s Founder and Research Director.

Two recent articles support Kleyne’s views about the global fresh water crisis. A New York Time article of October 14, 2014,* Noted that wasteful water use by Californians is way down and many homeowners are abandoning their lawns. The article notes that there is sufficient fresh water in the United States to supply everyone but the problem is getting the water to where it is needed, eliminating waste and acquiring investment to improve processing and recycling facilities.

Under the present pricing structure, says the article, there is little incentive to conserve and, in fact, large users are often charged less than smaller users.

*Porter, E, “The risks of cheap water,” New York Times, 10/14/14

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/15/business/economy/the-price-of-water-is-too-low.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&version=HpSum&module=second-column-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&_r=2

A Bloomberg News article of October 15, 2014,suggests that technology and infrastructure investment in fresh water utilities is increasing but remains inadequate. The article notes that only one percent of total water consumption in the US is by low income individuals unable to afford a higher price. Were a profitable program in place, this group could easily be subsidized.

The article notes a trend by large industrial water users, such as brewers and soft drink manufacturers, to invest in water technology and utilities. While their investment alone can’t solve the problem, it can help. Their involvement can also raise public awareness and finance lobbying for a more effective water policy.

Farnall, C, “Time for a serious policy on water pricing,” Bloomberg Week, 10/15/14

http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-10-15/time-for-a-serious-policy-on-water-pricing

Fresh, clean Water in the US, Kleyne notes, is considerably less expensive than cable TV, electricity, gasoline and food. US water is also far less expensive, and with far better service, than fresh water inmost other countries.

Fresh water, Kleyne notes, is a necessity of life. Every function of the human body and every cell in the body require a constant water supply to function properly, avoid dehydration and sustain life. Water is essential for digestion, growing food and sanitation. Without the water vapor in the atmosphere, our bodies couldn’t absorb oxygen and would soon dry up and die. A large percentage of our daily water intake, according to Kleyne, comes through direct absorption from the atmosphere by skin, eyes and lungs.

As a solution to the fair water pricing problem, Kleyne advocates a three-tiered water pricing program: “Essential water” for household cooking, drinking and sanitation, “Agriculture and Industrial Water,” and “Luxury Water” for lawns, swimming pools, etc.

Kleyne also advocates total water recycling in which all water sold by a fresh water utility is eventually returned to the supplier, where it is recycled and resold. Total water recycling would reduce the amount of water removed for human consumption from the natural ecosystem. Allowing more water to naturally evaporate into the atmosphere and become part of the hydrologic cycle, could also impact human caused aspects of global drought and climate change.

Middle East Conflicts Are Water Wars Reports International Water Journalist

Water Advocate and Bio Logic Aqua Research Founder Sharon Kleyne Interviews Fred Pearce on the Middle East and the Global Fresh Water Crisis.

The long history of wars in the Middle East, dating back to Biblical times and including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, almost always trace their origins to fresh water shortages, according to International water journalist Fred Pearce. The region breeds water wars, says Pearce, and offers many lessons to those working to resolve the current global fresh water crisis.

Fred Pearce is an international journalist based in London who specializes in water resources and water conflicts. Pearce has been writing about water for over 30 years. His most recent book is “When the Rivers Run Dry” (Beacon Press, 2006). Pearce was interviewed in the Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water radio show of October 6, 2014.*

*Sharon Kleyne Hour Archives: http://www.voiceamerica.com/show/2207/the-sharon-kleyne-hour
*See also: Collard, Rebecca, “Iraq’s battleground dams are key to saving country from ISIS,” Time Magazine, Sept. 8, 2014; http://time.com/3303403/strikes-against-isis-in-iraq-dams/

Sharon Kleyne hosts the syndicated Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water radio show, heard on VoiceAmerica and Apple iTunes. The show is sponsored by Bio Logic Aqua Research, a global research and technology center specializing in fresh water, the atmosphere and dehydration. Nature’s Tears® EyeMist® is the Research Center’s signature product for dry eyes. Kleyne is Bio Logic Aqua’s Founder and Research Director.

The Middle East breeds water wars, says Pearce, because fresh water is scarce and unevenly distributed both geographically and temporally. Because countries are fairly small, many rivers, tributaries and aquifers cross international boundaries and are highly vulnerable. Governments that can’t provide adequate fresh water, Kleyne notes, become targets for rebellion while governments that can supply fresh water become targets for water starved neighbors.

The most visible conflict is the Israeli-Palestinian dispute, according to Pearce. Although the West Bank and Gaza have gained semi-autonomy, Israel retains the rights to most fresh water resources. The average Israeli uses 300 liters of water a day while the average Palestinian uses 72 liters per day. The establishment of the Israeli-Palestinian “Joint Water Authority” has not had the desired equalizing effect and fresh water in the West Bank remains under nearly total Israeli control. The situation in Gaza is worse.

Nevertheless, Kleyne notes, the West Bank-Gaza fresh water situation is better than in other Middle East countries. Since establishing the Joint Water Authority, the West Bank has calmed considerably while unrest in water starved Gaza continues.

Iraq, according to Pearce, boasts the two major rivers of the Middle East, the Tigris and Euphrates. In between lies the Biblical Fertile Crescent. The delta area, where the rivers empty into the Persian Gulf, is believed to have been the Biblical Garden of Eden.

Despite these advantages, says Kleyne, Iraq’s fresh water supply is vulnerable because both rivers, and most tributaries, arise in neighboring countries – Turkey, Syria and Iran. Iraq’s fresh water infrastructure is inadequate and water access and quality are poor.

Saddam Hussein’s real “weapon of mass destruction,” according to Pearce, was control of the fresh water supply. When Saddam’s enemies began hiding in the delta marshes, Saddam drained the marshes, destroying fragile ecosystems and displacing or killing thousands. The marshes have since been mostly restored but some dehydrating environmental damage will take decades to repair.

Iraq remains vulnerable to rebellion and fearful of invasion.

The insurrection in Syria, according to Kleyne, originated with a sharp increase in water prices. Syria’s fresh water situation is comparatively good, fed by natural springs, ground water and Lake Assad. However, the population will soon outgrow the government’s ability to maintain the fresh water supply.

Saudi Arabia is the most vulnerable Middle Eastern nation, says Kleyne, because it has no natural rivers, little agriculture and imports nearly all its fresh water. The government remains stable because they can pay for their water and they control the region’s fuel supply. But this could change.

Water wars in Yemen have been going on for thousands of years. Recently, people from the dehydrated rural areas have been moving to the capital, Sana because of lack of fresh water, but Sana also lacks water.

Iran’s fresh water outlook, according to Kleyne, is surprisingly optimistic despite rapid population growth and two of Earth’s driest deserts. Since 1980, fresh water access has improved from 75 percent of the population to 98 percent. Modernizing the fresh water infrastructure has been a major objective, which partially explains why the government has not been overthrown.

Kleyne and Pearce conclude that resolving the global fresh water crisis would go a long way toward resolving these and other conflicts.