Sharon Kleyne Remembers When Health & Research Pioneers Found Cures For Sickness

Water Life Science® Researcher Sharon Kleyne Says We Need More Researchers Like Chick & Phelps. Sharon Kleyne Wonders Where Are the Cures for the 200-Plus Diseases That Plague People on Earth.

Sharon Kleyne, host of the nationally syndicated radio program The Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water, Global Climate Change and Your Health on VoiceAmerica sponsored by Nature’s Tears® EyeMist® likes to remind people that there was a time—until about 135 years ago—when health professionals were committed to finding cures for the illnesses and diseases that afflicted humankind. “Unfortunately,” said Kleyne, “money for such research dried up and the emphasis shifted to finding treatments that mask symptoms.”

As Kleyne continues her advocacy for a renewal of the ‘find a cure’ spirit in health care, she paused recently to honor two water pioneers, Henrietta Chick and Earle Bernard Phelps.

Henrietta Chick (1875-1977) was a celebrated British scientist and nutritionist who with Charles James Martin determined that the process of protein denaturation was distinct from protein flocculation. Their work launched what we now consider as the modern understanding of protein folding, which in turn led to Chick’s Law in 1908. This Law gave the relationship between the kill efficiency of organisms and contact time with a disinfectant. The Law, later modified by Dr. H. Watson became known as the Chick-Watson Equation, which is still used today. Chick served as secretary of the League of Nations health section committee on the physiological bases of nutrition from 1934 to 1937 and in ’41 became a founding member of the Nutrition Society. In 1915, Chick worked at Lister Institute in Elstree, testing and bottling tetanus antitoxin for the army. Later in 1922 at Lister Institute and the Medical Research Institute, Chick collaborated with Dr. Elsie Dalyell to study the relation of nutrition to bone disease. This work led to their discovery that there was a nutritional factor causing rickets. They proved that fat-soluble vitamins in cod liver oil or exposure to ultraviolet light could cure and prevent rickets in children. Chick remained at Lister Institute for over fifty years. Among additional achievements, she isolated vitamin C in a variety of fruits and vegetables. The anniversary of Chick’s death was just observed on July 9th.

Earle B. Phelps was born on July 10th, 1876 and died in 1953. Phelps was a chemist, sanitary expert and bacteriologist well known for contributions in sewage disinfection, water chlorination, shellfish control, sewage treatment and milk pasteurization. Phelps also described what is known as the “oxygen sag curve” in surface water bodies. In a long government and academic career, Phelps was instrumental in discovering a cure for Typhoid Fever in Trenton, New Jersey. As an assistant hydrographer for the U.S. Geological Survey, Phelps worked on the purification of industrial wastes and investigated stream pollution. Phelps also enjoyed a long career as a consultant on sanitary issues. He helped many cities resolve their issues with water treatment and sewage disposal. Phelps also designed and supervised the construction of many sewage purification plants including those at New York, Tarrytown, Rahway, New Jersey and Torono, Canada, among many others. Phelps was also a legendary teacher at MIT, Columbia University, Stanford University and the University of Florida at Gainesville.

“Pioneers in water research and medical cures like Henrietta Chick and Earle B. Phelps,” said Kleyne, “remind us where our priorities ought to lie and how they should line up. We need to get back in the business of curing illness,” Kleyne concluded, “ not just masking symptoms with more and more drugs.”


Would you like to share your thoughts on dehydration caused by excessive evaporation? If you do, we’d like very much to hear from you! 800-367-6478 ~ Fax 541-474-2123 or on Twitter at @sharonkleynehr

Hydration helps Nigeria beat Ebola outbreak

ABUJA, Nigeria — Water laced with salt and sugar, and gallons of the nasty-tasting stuff.

Doctors who survived Ebola in Nigeria credited heavy doses of fluids with saving their lives as the World Health Organization declared the country Ebola-free Monday, a rare victory in the battle against the disease that is ravaging West Africa.

In the end, Nigeria — the most populous country in Africa, with 160 million people — had just 20 cases, including eight deaths, a lower death rate than the 70 percent seen elsewhere across the stricken region.

Officials are crediting strong tracking and isolation of people exposed to the virus, and aggressive rehydration of infected patients to counter the effects of vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms.

Nigeria’s containment of Ebola is a “spectacular success story,” said Rui Gama Vaz, WHO director for Nigeria.

Dr. Adaora Igonoh, a survivor, said the treatment is not easy. It entails drinking, as she did, at least 1.3 gallons of the solution every day for five or six days when you have mouth sores and a sore throat and feel depressed.

“You don’t want to drink anything. You’re too weak, and with the sore throat it’s difficult to swallow, but you know when you have just vomited, you need it,” she told The Associated Press.

Some 9,000 people have been infected with Ebola, and about 4,500 have died, mostly in hard-hit Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia, with the number of cases expected to increase exponentially in the coming weeks.

Dr. Simon Mardel, one of the world’s leading experts on viral hemorrhagic fevers, said the number of deaths could be cut in half if infected people were taught to properly hydrate themselves and do not take anti-inflammatory drugs, which can actually harm Ebola victims.

Mardel, of Britain’s University Hospital of South Manchester, called rehydration a low-tech approach that has been neglected by a medical system focused on groundbreaking research.

Nigeria’s outbreak started in July when Patrick Sawyer, an American of Liberian descent, traveled by air from Liberia to Lagos, the country’s biggest city, starting a chain of infection that spread the disease to 19 other people and resulted in eight deaths.

Sawyer died five days after arriving, but the disease spread to Port Harcourt, Nigeria’s oil industry hub, after a close contact of Sawyer’s flew there for treatment, adding to fears that Nigeria faced what could become West Africa’s worst epidemic.

Nigeria’s success in averting that outcome started with the action of Ameyo Stella Adadevoh, a doctor at First Consultant Hospital in Lagos who diagnosed the Ebola virus in Sawyer and later died of the disease. Together with Benjamin Ohiaeri, the hospital director, Adadevoh had insisted on keeping Sawyer isolated despite threats of legal action by Liberian officials demanding his release.

Many feared the worst in a city with large numbers of people living in crowded and unsanitary conditions in slums.

Instead, with swift coordination among health officials, the WHO and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and with ample financial and material resources from Nigeria’s government, isolation wards were constructed and Ebola treatment centers designated.

Health workers tracked down nearly all of those who had contact with the infected, paying 18,500 visits to 894 people.

The eight deaths included two doctors and a nurse.

Monday’s announcement came 42 days, twice the incubation period, since the last case in Nigeria tested negative.

Still, Nigeria, like Senegal, which was declared free of Ebola on Friday, is susceptible to new cases by virtue of its proximity to the West African epicenter, health authorities warn.

There is no licensed treatment for Ebola, so doctors focus on hydration and supportive care, even in developed countries. In some cases, doctors have been surprised that keeping patients hydrated has been enough to save them.

To improve survival rates, Mardel said, it is time to designate packaged rehydration solutions as part of the cure. He said more needs to be done to make the fluids palatable, such as making the solutions weaker or flavoring them.

Igonoh said she sometimes added orange juice.