Water Advocate Sharon Kleyne Recalls Rampant Typhoid Death 100 Years Ago. Sharon Kleyne Says Clean Water Spelled Doom for Typhoid.
Sharon Kleyne, America’s leading water educator, researcher, new water technology advocate and the host of the nationally syndicated radio program, The Sharon Kleyne Hour Power of Water, Global Climate Change and Your Health on Voice America recently noted how far water safeguards have come in just the last 100 years. “We forget,” said Kleyne, “that just 100 years ago the average American, especially in the cities, lived in constant fear of contracting typhoid, which was often a death sentence.”
Typhoid is a bacterial infection that causes mild to severe symptoms in a person six-to-thirty days after infection. These symptoms include, Kleyne explained, the gradual onset of high fever, weakness, abdominal pain, constipation and headaches. Some victims develop skin rashes. The disease is spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Between 1906 and 1917, hundreds of thousands of Americans died of Typhoid, but fatalities dramatically decreased as new water purification technology, especially chlorination, improved the drinking water in cities throughout the country. “Curiously,” said Kleyne, “the growth of the automobile industry played a positive role in curbing Typhoid. As cars replaced horses,” Kleyne said, “horse manure disappeared from city streets and so did the hordes of flies that were attracted to it.”
Today, there are two vaccines available. Both are recommended for people who travel to places such as India where high incidents of Typhoid still occur. Otherwise, Sharon Kleyne pointed out, Typhoid is susceptible to antibiotics such as ampicillin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin. “Even so,” said Kleyne, “Typhoid caused 161,000 deaths worldwide as recently as 2013; the majority of the victims were children.” Kleyne wants everyone to know that these figures suggest we still have far to go in water research and the discovery of new technology, but she is also encouraged by the fact that history provides clear examples, such as the well documented battle against Typhoid, where new water research and technology made possible long strides towards eradicating a major killer disease of human beings, especially children. “India, for example,” said Kleyne, “still suffers from poor sanitation and virulent outbreaks of Typhoid. We need to work harder in research and implementation to wipe out diseases like Typhoid altogether.”
Sharon Kleyne, the global expert on dehydration of earth’s fresh water and dehydration of the eyes and skin as a result of the excessive evaporation of the body’s water vapor, encourages readers to weigh in with their own thoughts and opinions about Typhoid epidemics and the history of clean drinking water in America and elsewhere. “Read this blog and get in touch with us,” Kleyne said. “We want to know what you think.”